6,000-year-old grave goods on display at Susa Museum

TEHRAN – A collection of 6,000-year-old grave goods, which were discovered in a tomb at Tall Chegah-e Sofla, one of the largest prehistoric sites in Khuzestan from the fifth millennium BC, has been exhibited at the museum of Susa in southwestern Iran. .

More than three years ago, the goods were found in a tomb with a female human skeleton and were being studied while the human remains were on display, Iranian archaeologist Abbas Moqadam said on Sunday.

“After three and a half years, the showcase of the burial of a 6,000-year-old woman in the Susa Museum has been completed with the addition of these objects,” he said.

The grave goods were placed inside the display case identically to how they were found, he added.

The skeleton and grave goods, including a large copper basin, a copper jar, a hairpin, two marble bowls, a clay cup, a dagger, a large sword and numerous knitting hooks, were found in a single burial.

A weight stone was also placed near his forehead. Evidence shows that she was an influential woman in her historical period.

In 2015, more than 70 conical-shaped stelae were discovered during the third season of excavations at Tall Chegah-e Sofla, as part of the Zohreh Prehistoric Project.

The historic site, which lies close to the northern coast of the Persian Gulf, was extensively studied in the early 1970s by Hans Nissen of the Oriental Institute at the University of Chicago.

After that, several archaeological surveys were carried out on Tall Chegah-e Sofla, which led to the discovery of several individuals and mass graves.

Susa, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, embraces the entire southern flank of modern Shush in southwestern Iran. Originally similar in size to UNESCO-designated Persepolis, the city has seen countless invasions and plunders over its history, which spans almost 6,000 years.

Susa served as the winter residence of Persian kings after it was captured by Cyrus the Great. It became part of the Persian Empire under Cyrus II, the Great in 538 or 539 BC. Archaeological excavations at Susa have yielded many relics including pottery, weapons, ornamental objects, metalwork, bronze ware and clay tablets, to name a few.

Khuzestan is home to three UNESCO World Heritage sites of Susa, Chogha Zanbil and the historic hydraulic system of Shushtar, but it’s a region of raw beauty that its visitors could spend weeks exploring. The province is also a cradle for the crafts and arts that artisans have inherited from their previous generations.

Located at the head of the Persian Gulf and bordering Iraq to the west, Khuzestan was colonized around 6000 BC. J.-C. by a people having affinities with the Sumerians, originating in the area of ​​the Zagros mounts. Urban centers appeared there contemporaneous with the first cities of Mesopotamia in the 4th millennium. Khuzestan, according to the Encyclopedia Britannica, came to constitute the heart of the Elamite kingdom, with Susa as its capital.


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